An Introduction to Floods
Flooding is a natural disaster, which is given attention because it threatens the lives and the economy of the people of this country. According to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), flooding remains the third biggest natural disaster which has claimed many lives and damaged properties. The flood problems in this country caused by the monsoon and flash floods will continue even though various structural and non-structural plans have been implemented by the government to reduce their effects. With the increase in population and development focusing on the basins and river valleys which are prone to rising waters, flood occurrences are unavoidable. The frequency of flooding has increased due to changes in land use, resulting in the failure of drainage systems in the low-lying areas to divert the heavy rain flows and also leading to sediments problems in drainage systems due to development.
In the past decade, the nation has experienced a number of major floods. Although the area affected by flooding was about 29,000 square km or 9% of the total area of this nation, at least 2.7 million people, or 18 % of the total population was affected by floods. According to a JICA study in 1981, the total damage from floods was estimated to be about RM100 million. The government has taken proactive steps in dealing with flood problems such as setting up supervisory bodies, implementing flood mitigation programmes, implementing non-structural steps with the setting up of flood forecasting and warning systems for the flood prone main river basins and the integrated management of river basins to minimize loss of life and property due to floods. As a general public, we have a role to prepare in facing the dangers of flood by taking early actions. The following is an excerpt from the Guidelines on Disasters Preparedness published by the Civil Defense Department, with easily understood animated instructions.
Before the Floods
Before Floods – When Imminent Signs are Visible
During Floods – In The House
During Floods – Outside the House
During Floods – In Vehicles
During Floods – During Evacuation
After the Floods
After Floods – While Entering Buildings
After Floods – Check for Dangers
Last Updated 2017-06-01 11:30:41 by Administrator